JRS/USA has called on the U.S. to cease deportations to Haiti, giving the island-nation time to recover and rebuild rebuild from the hurricanes last fall. The United Nations estimated that 10% of Haiti’s residents were left vulnerable and homeless, without basic necessities for survival in the months after the two hurricanes and two tropical storms of September 2008. The deportation of another 30,000 Haitians from the U.S. would likely destabilize the already precarious state of Haitian society.
Voice of America reports today that Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and former U.S. President Bill Clinton are in Haiti to highlight the importance of economic development to that country’s stability.
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and former U.S. President Bill Clinton are in Haiti to highlight the importance of economic development to that country’s stability. VOA’s Margaret Besheer is traveling with the delegation and files this report from Port-au-Prince.
The U.N. chief and former U.S. president arrived in Port-au-Prince on Monday morning. They went directly to Cite Soleil – once Haiti’s most violence-wracked slum. Its residents are caught in the grip of deep poverty.
The first stop was to a school feeding program where young children in cheerful red uniforms and little girls with matching red ribbons in their hair sang and played in the school yard. Inside one of the buildings, other children ate their lunch of rice, beans and meat.
Eighty percent of Haiti’s population lives on less than $2 a day, making it the 14th poorest country in the world and the poorest in the Western Hemisphere.
Programs such as this World Food Program initiative to fight malnutrition are vital. Last year, it fed 2.5 million children across the country. This year, the WFP hopes to reach nearly three million. But the program is in jeopardy because the funding for it might fall short.
During their visit, Mr. Ban and Mr. Clinton also stressed the importance of education as a way out of poverty.
They went to the neighborhood of Turgeau, where they visited the Haitian Education and Leadership Program. This unique program awards scholarships to Haiti’s best and brightest high school students, helping them go on to careers as doctors, engineers, agronomists, computer scientists and other professions vital to Haiti’s prosperity.
The U.N. secretary-general said he was very impressed by the students’ willingness to stay on in Haiti after graduation and called them the “hope of this country.”
Mr. Ban, who is from South Korea, added that he felt a personal connection to the struggles of Haiti, saying it reminds him of his own country’s struggles after the Korean War. But, he said, Korea has become an economic success story because of its educated workforce.
“I’m very proud to have been part of that process,” said Ban Ki-moon. “Now serving as secretary-general of the United Nations, I feel immense responsibility to do more for those people, for those poor people. I’m working as a voice of so many voiceless people and defender of so many defenseless people. You are one of the voiceless people, you are one of the poorest people.”
He said the good markets and stable countries nearby present an important opportunity for Haiti, but one that is not unlimited, and that it must overcome its difficulties and emerge as a stable, democratic and prosperous country.
Former President Clinton agreed and added that 200 years ago, Haiti was the richest island in all of the Caribbean region.
“Because of the natural resources, because of what God has put into the land, you can be again because of the resources in your mind and your heart,” said Bill Clinton. “That is what you have been telling us today.”
In April, international donors are expected to meet in Washington to help Haiti. But in light of the global financial crisis, it is unclear how strong that financial help will be.
Next month is also crucial for Haiti as it is scheduled to hold senatorial elections. But the country’s Provisional Electoral Council has barred candidates from the party of former President Jean Bertrand Aristide.